Drugs and alcohol can drive an individual’s mind to the edge of insanity and hallucinations. He could commit a crime which may land him in prison. It could be theft, vandalism, shoplifting, possession of the drug, or others. Some form of drugs like marijuana could be legal in some states, while they are banned in others. An addict may be caught with drugs in a banned state while arriving from a legalized state. There could be many other forms of non-violent crimes for which he has landed in the prison.
Prison reforms the USA is a long-term program for the physical Detox and psychological transformations. Hospitals and Detox centers can handle the first task. It may require medicines, IV therapy, treatments, and other forms of eliminating the toxic elements from the patient’s body. The process can be short or length, depending on the intensity of addiction and its duration. Once the process is complete, the patient in the prison may be ready for reforms.
Psychotherapy could be a way to change the subconscious behavior of the patient during recovery. The psychologists try to convince him about the fatality of continuing with addiction. Consciousness of the practical problems with addictions could keep him away from them.
The human mind is more complex than many of the expert psychologists have understood. For example, there are many cases in which specialized psychologists have become addicts. So, it requires something more than the general psychotherapy in some serious cases.
Former addicts in the recovery program can be of great help to the prison reforms. Regular meetings with those in prison can keep them sober for a longer time than before. Many of the prisons in the USA may grant parole for the non-violence crime prisoners to attend such meetings outside the prison.
Counseling within the prison has also been a successful program for reforms. It requires practical approach to understanding the addict’s psychology and behavior. The counselor can try and make the recovering patient realize the benefits of sober life. Of course, it takes time and effort on part of the patient as well as the counselor.
Willingness to stay sober and follow the prison reforms the USA is the first criterion for real recovery from addiction. Practicing the programs one day at a time can work for a lifetime when the prisoner comes out to live a free life in the open society. Real liberation from prison is in a sober life without drug or alcohol dependence.